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Pilot Guidelines - Visual Flight Rules (VFR) in Algeria

For a VFR flight in real life, you do not have to file a flightplan. In our virtual world however, a flightplan should always be filed.

VFR stands for Visual Flight Rules. The pilot must fly and navigate with visual reference to the surface. Due to this, there are certain weather criteria that must be met for a VFR flight to take place.

There is only Class A,D, and E airspaces applicable within Algeria airspace, so we will not explain the criteria for the rest of the airspace classes.

VFR flights are not permitted in Class A airspace, so there are no criteria.

VFR Flight in Class D and Class E airspace:

At or above FL100:

  • 1,500 metres horizontally away from cloud
  • 1,000ft vertically away from cloud
  • In-flight visibility of at least 8km

Below FL100:

  • 1,500 metres horizontally away from cloud
  • 1,000ft vertically away from cloud
  • In flight visibility of at least 5km

An aircraft is deemed to have complied with the below FL100 restrictions if the aircraft is not a helicopter and:

  • it flies at or below 3,000ft amsl
  • it flies at a speed which is 140KIAS or less
  • remains clear of cloud, with the surface in sight and an in flight visibility of at least 5km

If it is a helicopter, it is deemed to have complied with the below FL100 restrictions if:

  • it flies at or below 3,000ft amsl
  • it remains clear of cloud, with the surface in sight and an in flight visibility of at least 1,500 metre

More information about minimum criterias(external link)

The following is a transcript of a VFR flight, 7T-VFO, a Cessna 172 from Algiers DAAG to Tiaret DAOB via the FIR:

Visual Approach Charts VAC necessary for VFR flights are available here (external link)

7TVFO:
Algiers tower, good morning, 7TVFO, A Cessna 172 with information Charlie, request taxi for VFR flight to Tiaret.

DAAG_TWR:
7TVFO, Algiers, good morning, taxi holding point runway 27 via B6 A4, QNH 1004.

7TVFO:
Taxi holding point runway 27 via B6 A4, QNH 1004, 7FO.

(The aircraft may request the QFE also.)

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Algiers, your departure clearance.

7TVFO:
Ready to copy, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7TVFO, Cleared to the western zone via Sierra, Route Chrea, not above altitude 2,500ft, squawk 5001.

7TVFO:
Cleared to the western zone via Sierra, Route Chrea, not above altitude 2,500ft, squawk 5001, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Correct, report ready for departure.

7TVFO:
Wilco, 7FO.

There are 2 ways to depart a control zone CTR; A random route with a direction or a specified route. A random route may be something as simple as "Cleared to the southern zone boundary with a left turn out". In this case, the aircraft would turn left after departure and fly towards the southern zone boundary of the CTR.

A specified route takes an aircraft from the airfield, along a route (which usually follows geographical features such as roads,lakes, railways and rivers) to a Visual Reference Point at the edge of the CTR zone or CTA area boundary.

In the above example, 7TVFO has been cleared to leave Algiers Control Zone via the point Sierra and the route "Chrea". If you look at the VAC of Algiers CTR available here (external), you can see that the Chrea route which is in the south-west of the runway 27 will take the aircraft into the Chrea Mountains VRP. At that point, the aircraft will leave controlled airspace into the open FIR.

Our flight continues:

7TVFO:
Algiers Tower, 7FO holding point runway 27, ready for departure.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, line up runway 27.

7TVFO:
Line up runway 27, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, left turn, runway 27, cleared for take-off, wind 240 degrees 12 knots.

7TVFO:
Left turn, cleared for take-off, 7FO.

(Always specify the direction of turn after departure for a VFR flight.)

7TVFO:
Over Sierra, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Contact Algiers Approach, 121.4, good day.

7TVFO:
Approach, 121.4, good day, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
Algiers Approach, Good morning, 7TVFO not above altitude 2500ft, over Sierra routing Chrea.

DAAG_APP:
7TVFO, Algiers Approach, hello, not above altitude 6500ft, report Blida.

7TVFO:
Not above altitude 6500ft, will report at Blida, 7FO

--

7TVFO:
7FO approaching Blida.

DAAG_APP:
7FO, roger, leave Blida to the south west and contact Algiers Control 127.3. Good day.

7TVFO:
leave Blida to the south west, 127.3, good day, 7FO.

7TVFO:
Algiers, 7TVFO, good morning, a Cessna 172, Algiers to Tiaret, not above altitude 6500ft, VFR, Currently overhead Blida tracking south-west.

DAAA_CTR:
7TVFO, Algiers, good morning, roger, report each 10 minutes, trafic information, helicopters activity in the vicinity not above 5000ft.

7TVFO:
Roger, we will keep a look out and we will report each 10 minutes, 7FO

---

7TVFO:
Algiers, 7FO request weather information for Tiaret.

DAAA_CTR:
7FO, Algiers, Roger, latest weather 1020 (time in Zulu) wind 260 degrees 8 knots, visibility greater than 10 kilometres. Clouds few at 3400ft. Temperature 15, dewpoint 7, QNH1007, landing and departing runway 26.

7TVFO:
QNH 1007, runway 26, 7FO.

DAAA_CTR:
7FO,Algiers, service terminated, contact Tiaret Tower 118.1, good day.

7TVFO:
Contacting Tiaret, 118.1, good day, 7FO

---

7TVFO:
Tiaret tower, 7TVFO, good morning.

DAOB_TWR:
7TVFO, Tiaret, good morning, 5/5, go ahead.

7TVFO:
7TVFO is a Cessna 172, inbound to Tiaret. Current position is 35 nautical miles North of Tiaret, 6500ft, request pattern entry instructions.

DAOB_TWR:
7TVFO, roger, over Tiaret enter the left hand downwind for runway 26, not above altitude 4800ft QNH1007, report downwind.

7TVFO:
Enter Left hand downwind runway 26, not above altitude 4800ft, QNH1007, will report downwind, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
7FO, Downwind, runway 26.

DAOB_TWR:
7FO, Roger, you are Number 2 to a Beechcraft 1900 on a final, report final.

7TVFO:
Traffic in sight, will report final, 7FO.

7TVFO:
7FO, Final runway 26.

DAOB_TWR:
7TVFO, Manston Tower, runway 26, cleared to land. Wind 260 degrees, 8 knots.

7TVFO:
Cleared to land, 7FO.

--

DAOB_TWR:
7FO, Taxi to General Aviation Parking via Charlie.

7TVFO:
General Aviation, via Charlie, 7FO.

 

The following is a transcript of a VFR flight, 7TVFO, a Cessna 172 remaining in the circuit at Algiers:

7TVFO:
Algiers, good morning, 7TVFO, A Cessna 172 with information Charlie, request taxi for VFR circuits.

DAAG_TWR:
7TVFO, Algiers, good morning, taxi holding point runway 27 via B6 A4, Q1004.

7TVFO:
Taxi holding point runway 27 via B6 A4, Q1004, 7FO.

(The aircraft may request the QFE, make sure you have calculated it.)

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Are you ready to copy your departure clearance.

7TVFO:
Ready to copy, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7TVFO, right hand circuits, not above altitude 1500ft, squawk 5001.

7TVFO:
Right hand circuits runway 23 , not above altitude 1500ft, squawk 5001, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Correct, call ready for departure.

7TVFO:
Wilco, 7FO

---

7TVFO:
Algiers Tower, 7FO holding point runway 27, ready for departure.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, line up runway 27.

7TVFO:
Line up runway 27, 7FO.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, right turn, runway 27, cleared for take-off, wind 240 degrees 12 knots.

7TVFO:
Right turn, cleared for take-off, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
7FO, Right hand downwind runway 23, for touch and go.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Roger, number one runway 23, report final.

7TVFO:
Report final, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
7FO, Final.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, Roger, runway 23, cleared touch and go, wind 230 degrees 8 knots.

7TVFO:
Cleared touch and go, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
7FO, right hand downwind runway 23, for a full stop.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, roger, extend downwind, you are number 2 to a Boeing 737 on 4 nm final, report final.

7TVFO:
Traffic in sight, will call final, 7FO.

---

7TVFO:
7FO, Final runway 23.

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, roger, runway 23, cleared to land. wind 260 degrees 6 knots.

7TVFO:
Cleared to land, 7FO.

---

DAAG_TWR:
7FO, taxi to the P9 parking via D2.

7TVFO:
P9 parking via D2, 7FO.


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